We have chosen these four because many people today, in their search for meaning, are looking to these men and the traditions they have generated. Buddha's teachings, after many centuries of being passed on orally, were written down for the first time in the first century B. The Pali canon of the Hinayana school (the southern branch of Buddhism, also called the Theravada school) is known as the , may have come into existence two centuries after Buddha's death, but othted much later. In the Qur'an (Koran) we have the authentic sayings of Muhammad, which were at first written down on skins, palm leaves, pottery and even the shoulder blades of sheep.We will divide the investigation into five categories: (1) the sources available for reconstructing the lives of these teachers, (2) their birth and family, (3) their life and teachings, (4) their death and (5) their relation to deity. The Sanskrit canon of the Mahayana school, which spread northeastward to Tibet, China, Korea and Japan, dates, at the earliest, to the first and second centuries A. According to Christmas Humphreys, "the later Sutras of the Mahayana School, though put into Buddha's mouth, are clearly the work of minds which lived from five to fifteen hundred years after his passing." In the later sources one notes a conspicuous exaggeration of the supernatural elements in Buddha's life. Shortly after the prophet's death the caliph Uthman (644-55) collected these sayings in a canonical edition. Our main sources of information about the life of Jesus are the canonical Gospels of Matthew, Mark, Luke and John.An expert on Islam is warning that the whole premise of Islam, the idea that Muhammad got the Quran from Allah, recited it, then it was written down – all of that might be based on a faulty assumption.And that is that Muhammad was around before the Quran.
In comparing Jesus with them, we discover a number of unique features in Jesus' life and ministry." The purpose of this essay is to highlight Jesus' life, death and teachings by comparing and contrasting them with Zoroaster, Buddha, Socrates and Muhammad. The earliest written texts which have been preserved are in Pali, an Indo-Aryan dialect which may be the dialect Buddha himself used.In fact, Robert Spencer, whose Jihad Watch website provides an authoritative source for the impact of Islam, says it’s possible “some other individual or group used texts that were already in existence and shaped them to fit their own political and theological agenda.” Spencer cites a recent report in the Daily Mail, which described how several pages were carbon-dated by experts at Oxford, who found not only were some of the pages likely from the oldest Quran in the world, they possibly were created between 568 AD and 645 AD.The dates given for Muhammad’s life often are 570 AD to 632 AD, meaning the fragment could have been in print (hand-written on parchment) two years before Islam’s founder was born.After a few minutes, I met a man named Kamil who spoke some English, and he invited me into his family’s tent.After talking with him a bit, I learned that it was actually a few families’ tent, and that there were 12 people living in it—five adults and seven children.Written in ink in an early form of Arabic script on parchment made from animal skin, the pages contain parts of the Suras, or chapters, 18 to 20.” It noted that “several historians have said that the parchment might even predate Muahammad.” Reported historian Tom Holland, “It destabilizes, to put it mildly, the idea that we can know anything with certainty about how the Quran emerged – and that in turn has implications for the history of Muhammad…” Keith Small, from Oxford’s Bodleian Library, was blunt, “This gives more ground to what have been peripheral views of the Quran’s genesis, like that Muhammad and his early followers used a text that was already in existence and shaped it to fit their own political and theological agenda, rather than Muhammad receiving a revelation from heaven.” The report said the fragments were found inside another Quran.